• Giorgio Napolitano
    Giorgio Napolitano was a prominent Italian politician best known for Serving as the President of Italy from 2006 to 2015. He was the longest-serving and longest-lived president in the history of the Italian Republic. Napolitano's political career began in the aftermath of World War II, where he actively participated in the anti-fascist resistance movement. He was a member of the Italian Communist Party (PCI) and quickly rose through the ranks, becoming one of the party's leading figures. Napolit...  more
  • Mukarram Jah
    Nizam Mir Barkat Ali Khan Siddiqi Mukarram Jah, Asaf Jah VIII, also known as Mukarram Jah, was the titular Nizam of Hyderabad between 1967 and 1971, a descended from famed Islamic royalty in India and Turkey, who later fled to Australia and became a sheep farmer. Jah was the eldest son of Azam Jah and Dürrüşehvar Sultan and was named successor to the title of Nizam of Hyderabad by Mir Osman Ali Khan his grandfather. He became the titular Nizam after his grandfather's death in 1967. Following 26t...  more
  • Álvaro Colom Caballeros
    Álvaro Colom Caballeros was an engineer and businessman who served as the 47th Guatemalan President for one term from 2008 to 2012. . His term was marked by putting the country’s forgotten Indigenous communities at the center of his government, by expanding access to education and health care in Indigenous villages. He also provided aid to the poor in a country scarred by deep inequalities and decades of civil war. Caballeros was born in Guatemala City, the fourth of five children and earned a d...  more
  • Pervez Musharraf
    Pervez Musharraf was a Pakistani general known for seizing power in 1999 and ruling the Muslim-majority nation for nine years as president and was however ousted for his policies he put in place that supported the United States' war on terrorism in 2008. After finishing his college education at Forman Christian College where he studied mathematic, Musharraf joined the Pakistani military and was commissioned into the artillery regiment of the Pakistan Army in 1964. During his service in the army...  more
  • Constantine II of Greece
    Constantine II was the last King of Greece, reigning from 6 March 1964 until the abolition of the Greek monarchy on 1 June 1973 before being exiled. Constantine was born in Anthens, Greece, he was the only son of King Paul and Queen Frederica of Greece. During the second world war his family was forced into exile hence he spent his early years in Egypt and South Africa. Before he ascended to the throne he was a competitive sailor and Olympian, winning a gold medal in the 1960 Rome Olympics in th...  more
  • Jose Eduardo dos Santos
    Jose Eduardo Dos Santos was a renowned Angolan President who served from 1979 to 2017. He was also commander in chief of the Angolan armed forces and holds a record of being the longest serving President of Angola . He is a great contributor towards the liberation of black people from apartheid rule and supported liberation movements in Southern Africa.

    Santos came from humble beginnings, born to a bricklayer in an impoverished town of Luanda Angola on 28 August 1942.His journey to greatness...  more
  • Carlos Saul Menem
    Carlos Saul Menem was a renowned lawyer and driven politician who served as Argentina’s 44th president from 1989-1999 and as Senator of his beloved La Rioja Province from 2005 until his recent death. Menem was born to two Syrian refugees who immigrated to Argentina before his birth. Raised Muslim, Carlos later converted to Roman Catholicism. As a liberal Peronist, his political strategies came to be known as “Menemism”. The leader was captured and deposed during the 1976 Argentine coup d&apo...  more
  • Prince Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa
    Prince Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa was Prime Minister of Bahrain since its independence from Britain in 1971. Khalifa played a central role in building the govt administration, modernizing its structures, and personally recruiting its leading personnel. He was a businessman with land and other interests in Bahrain, Southeast Asia, and the U.K., and was the wealthiest individual within the kingdom.

    Khalifa bin Salman was born in Al Jasra and was the second of three sons of Shaykh Salman bin H...  more
  • Amadou Toumani Touré
    Colonel Amadou Toumani Toure supervised Mali’s multiparty elections as chairman of the transitional government in 1991 and was the second democratically elected President of Mali 2002-2012. Amadou Toumani Touré was the head of President Moussa Traore security guard until a popular revolution overthrew the regime in March 1991. He arrested the president, led the revolution and oversaw the military to civilian transition that brought about a new constitution and multiparty elections. He then hande...  more
  • Jerry John Rawlings
    Jerry John Rawlings was a charismatic Ghanaian military officer and politician who led the country from 1981 to 2001 and also for a brief period in 1979. He led a military junta until 1992, and then served two terms as the democratically elected President of Ghana. Rawlings came to power in Ghana as a flight lieutenant of the Ghana Air Force following a coup d'état in 1979. Before that, he led an unsuccessful coup attempt against the ruling military government on 15 May 1979, just five weeks bef...  more
  • John Pombe Joseph Magufuli
    John Magufuli served as the fifth President of Tanzania from 2015 until his death in 2021 and was chairman of the Southern African Development Community from 2019 to 2020. An Industrial chemist, Magufuli ventured into elective politics after a short period as a secondary school chemistry and mathematics teacher when he was elected as a Member of Parliament in 1995 for Chato district and served in different government position including twice Minister of Works Transport and Communications. Known ...  more
  • John Turner
    John Napier Wyndham Turner, a lawyer by training, served as justice and then finance minister from 1968-1975 under the cabinet of the 15th Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau, father of Justin Pierre James Trudeau, the 23rd Prime Minister of Canada. He resigned after arguments with the Prime Minister who was the Liberal Party leader and resumed his legal work and nine years later won the party leadership.
    Turner served as the country's 17th prime minister and, despite his short tenure of 79 ...  more